The Framework of the Village

The village of Aoiz is located on the right bank of the Irati River and is situated to the north of the Lónguida Valley, at the base of the Zariquieta mountain range, 28 km from Pamplona. It is positioned within the geographical framework of the Lónguida Valley.


To the south of the village, the summit of Izaga (1,352 m) and the mountains of Gongolaz and Idoate stand out. From the plains of Aoiz, the horizon widens towards the west and southwest, providing open passage in both directions towards the Pamplona-Lumbier Basin.

The municipal area of Aoiz covers an area of 13.36 square kilometers and has an altitude of 504 meters at the core of the residential area.

The village is located in its center, on an alluvial terrace of clayey and sandy soils with a steep drop towards the river.

The Irati River, a key artery of the region, flows through the territory of Aoiz. It experiences a climate typical of the low mountains, sharing characteristics with the Pyrenean climate, especially in winter, which is cold and humid. Snowfall is much less than in the higher regions, and north and northwest winds prevail until the early months of spring. For a significant part of the year, up to mid-autumn, south winds dominate, bringing with them a dry and sunny climate. Temperatures range from a minimum of seven degrees below zero to a maximum of 36 degrees, with an annual average of 16 degrees.

The lands of Aoiz belong to a relatively recent period, the Eocene, and can be dated back to between 50 and 40 million years ago. This was a time of gradual regression of the sea in what are now continental areas, leading to the formation of the present-day landforms. These lands consist of various limestone formations, including blue marls and alluvial terraces.